Revisiting The Remuneration Of Nigerian Legislators: Time For Action


I am really sorry I have to bring this up again, but my conscience, frustration and  disgust will not allow me to rest. I have written several times about this issue,  but because the situation is getting worse, I still have to write about it.

Whilst in Abuja just this week, I learnt that each Nigerian Senator had just  collected 42 million Naira as their salaries, expenses and whatever. Each Member of  the House of Representative had just collected 36 Million Naira. These are per  quarter, which means each Senator gets (I will not say “earn” because judging from  the very low quality services they provide to Nigeria, we could hardly say they  earned these huge sums of money) 164 million Naira per year – and there 109 of these  parasites.

A simple calculation therefore means 109 Senators X 164 million Naira X 4 years =  71,504,000,000 or 71 Billion Naira for 4 years. In other words, each Senator will  take home 656 Million Naira in 4 years. Not a bad little earner, is it?

For the House of Representatives, there are 360 of these parasites.  Each gets 36  Million per quarter, which translates to 144 million per year per Member. The  calculation of their drain on the Nigerian treasury is 360 X 144 million Naira X 4  years = 207,360,000,000 or 207 Billion Naira. Each member of the House of  Representatives will take home 576 Million Naira after 4 years, laughing all the way  to the bank.

According to some reports, “each Senator will pocket 720 million Naira in four  years, while each House of Representative member will get 540 million Naira. These  sums do not include the approved pay by RMAFC which they also collect. Senate  President David Mark gets 250 million Naira per quarter; Deputy Senate President  Ekweremadu 150 million Naira; and each of the eight remaining principal officers 78  million Naira”. Wow!

Lord have mercy on my poor people of Nigeria. What a waste? What a damn waste? What  a thievery and cheating and injustice? And what an aberration of democracy? What an  expensive type of democracy we are running here. I am in the dark here!

It is no wonder that Nigerians are yet to see the dividends of democracy, over 11  years later Nigeria’s democracy must surely be the most expensive ever run on this  planet called Earth and if nothing is done quickly to stem this looting tide, it may  come to a time that there will be no money to run the government beyond paying the  swollen salaries and allowances of our public office holders.

It is definitely unsustainable, profligate, and wasteful and does not yield the  desired result. Our democracy, much as we desire it, is run by thieves,  opportunists, charlatans and never-do-wells.

Compatriots, think of what these huge sums of money can do if diverted to building  power plants to rescue us from our comatose power problem; funding railway and road  construction; funding education;  reviving agriculture; funding hospitals and  dispensaries; rescuing our moribund sports development; developing the Niger Delta;  even, paying salaries of teachers and the pension entitlements of our pensioners. I  will throw in funding the proper training and arming of the Nigeria Police Force.

Okey Ndibe called it “A Feeding Frenzy”. NEXT’s Musikilu Mojeed and Elor Nkereuwem  christened it “An Assembly for Looting” saying  “Considering that Nigeria’s minimum  wage stands at N5,500 a month, each senator’s quarterly allowance “will pay for  2,909 workers earning the minimum wage.” The reporters offered other tantalizing  projections.

If Nigerians were to fire the entire membership of the National Assembly, the  savings would be more than enough to “fund the N88.5billion” Mr. Umaru Yar’Adua  budgeted this year for building power plants. Alternatively, we could “fund  hospitals and clinics” all over Nigeria, “fix the Benin-Ore Expressway, which has  collapsed, or make a significant down payment on the Lagos-Kano railway line”. The  Tribune editorialised this perilous trend as “Poverty Inflicted by Profligacy”.  Whatever it is, Nigeria cannot sustain or afford this waste.

The fact is Nigerian politicians have turned themselves into instant millionaires  just for being members of the National Assembly, paying themselves huge, obscene and  unjustified salaries and allowances not commensurate with their very low  productivity and without doing anything worthwhile for the country, for you and me,  or for humanity. They are “Legis-looters”, “Dis-Honourables” and “Execu-thieves”.

What visible difference has their representations made in the lives of the  represented Nigerians to give them the false idea that they deserve their present  salary talk less of a pay rise? Please, someone tell me: how many bills have these  odious, greedy and lazy thieves passed into law since 1999?

Do we actually know what they are doing except some of them using big vocabularies?  What are we getting in return for their large obnoxious salaries and expenses? Why  are Nigerians funding their expensive lifestyles, and getting zero in return? What  kind of legitimate work can anybody do in Nigeria that will fetch such atrocious  remuneration or salary?

Our law-makers are overpaid and underworked and what do they do? The only time  Nigerian legislators suddenly become vocal and creative (according to Reuben Abati)  is when they are hustling for jumbo pay and allowances. This is the case not only in  Abuja but also in the states, where the members of the Houses of Assembly are  perpetually fighting the Governor to give them more money.

Most of the lawmakers, Federal, State and even the Local Government Councillors are  mostly absent, running after and making dubious political and financial deals, “busy  chasing contracts in government departments or peddling influence around town, or  busy harassing companies and MDAs over which they exercise oversight functions”.  (Reuben Abati).

Anytime they say they want to visit MDAs, etc, it is actually to go and demand and  collect money from the hapless civil servants, or else they will institute  investigations into their affairs, they always threaten. Compatriots, yes, it is  that bad.

At the same time, no Bill gets passed unless individuals and organisations pay  bribes to these “legis-looters”, despite their already huge remunerations. Yes,  believe it. I know. I have been keenly following a struggle to get the National  Assembly to pass a Bill to establish an agency which will be of tremendous benefit  for the health and safety of Nigerians and huge sums have had to be paid to  lawmakers just to get the bill passed, and it has not even happened. They keep  demanding more and more everyday.

For Ministries and Government departments and parastatals to get their budgets  approved, they have to factor into their respective budget what will go to the  legislators as bribes.

Yet, how many Bills and Acts have these politicians passed since 1999? Help me out  here, dear brothers and sisters. I am in the dark here. I can’t put my finger on a  single Bill since 1999. Their services to this battered and abused country are not  commensurate to their remunerations, and this is the bottom line!

How many of our legislators have Constituency Offices, for which they collect the  allowances, and where they are supposed to regularly meet and listen to the concerns  of the people who they are supposed to be representing? How many of them implement  Constituency projects in their communities, for which they also collect huge sums?

These opportunists, thieves and charlatans have hijacked Nigeria’s political  well-being and economic wealth and it is the ordinary Nigeria who continues to pay  the price.

This has got to stop. One way it can stop is to reduce very drastically the  remuneration of lawmakers and other political offices such that it will be  unattractive to potential thieves and looters and that only people who sincerely  want to serve will see such small remuneration as enough motivation to contest  elections to these office and be committed to good governance and delivering desired  results.

Right now, we have only self-serving politicians – executives or lawmakers. The  obscene salaries and perks are what is attracting thieves to the serious business of  governance and lawmaking, and this is why these thieves will always rig elections,  commit murder and assassinations to position themselves where they will steal,  shutting out genuine and sincere democrats who want to do well for the welfare of  their people.

Secondly, as I have written before (A Democracy Of Profligacy and Outright  Treasury-looting), Nigeria does not need a full time bicameral legislature (In  government, the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. Thus,  a bicameral parliament or bicameral legislature is a parliament or legislature which  consists of two Chambers or Houses); in other words, we do not need full time  lawmakers or two assemblies – Senate and House of Representatives.

What is needed is a unicameral legislature (the practice of having only one  legislative or parliamentary chamber) that will meet for a maximum of 30 days a year  and afterwards, they would go back to whatever their various professions are, if  they have any at all.

Or maybe we need to change back to the Parliamentary system of government or  democracy.

This Presidential system, although a good option, is not being operated properly by  Nigeria. In a country and society as corrupt as ours, we now know that it very open  to gross abuse by unscrupulous and self-seeking politicians.

I am firmly and definitely of the opinion that that legislative work in Nigeria  should be a part-time commitment. Only persons with a visible means of livelihood  should be allowed to become lawmakers, and the various legislatures do not have to  sit so often.

Lawmaking should NOT be a full time career, as we have it in Nigeria. I am  proffering a solution which is a part -time National Assembly that sits for no more  than 30 days a year. There’s no reason why a country half the size of the State of  Texas will have as many legislatures as big as the whole of the United States.

Ideally, legislators should be paid sitting allowances and work on a part-time  basis. This is what obtains in several states in the U.S, whose system of government  we claim to be copying. If the attraction of effortless money is removed, we’re  certainly to see an enhancement in the quality of lawmakers. The leeches who are in  it for the cash will take their game elsewhere.

In my article “In A Lighter Mood: The Way We Seriously Feel About Our Leaders”, I  wrote “Therefore, any new political reform should address this. Legislators must be  paid expenses only for their service to the country.

The current system is very profligate, expensive and attracts thieves and mediocre.  Expenses must be for attendances, cost of keeping constituency offices open, and if  they have to be given car, housing and transport allowances, these must be properly  allocated, scrutinized, monitored and commensurate with the service provided by  these people.

Judging from recent revelations on the wastefulness and profligacy of the Speaker of  the House of Representatives, Senators, etc, the cost of running Nigeria’s democracy  is too high, and especially given our penchant for lack of accountability and  corruption, this has to be brought under rigid and strict control. Our unscrupulous  political class should be discouraged and deterred from going into government to  make money. Hence make it unattractive to them.

Having said all these, who will change it? We are in a dilemma, big trouble,  because the very politicians who can change and implement our suggestions are the  same people benefiting immensely, corruptly and illegally from it – the Senators,  the Representatives (or the Legis-looters). How can they deny themselves the  opportunity of looting more money? Where is their conscience and moral and political  will to change the system from within, by themselves?

Dear compatriots, how do we overcome this problem and change this system?  The  problem is not abating, it is getting worse. Next year, they will again move to  increase their remunerations. I am out of ideas, please help!

These unscrupulous and conscienceless looters are draining the very life out of us.  And others are waiting in the wings to take part in the looting too. We must stop  them before it is too late.

Let the truth be said always.

•Akintokunbo Adejumo, a social and political commentator on Nigerian issues, lives  and works in London.

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