1st August, 2011
In these polarised times, few words conjure as much distaste in liberal circles as â€œevangelical Christian.â€ Thatâ€™s partly because evangelicals came to be associated over the last 25 years with blowhard scolds. When the Rev. Jerry Falwell and Pat Robertson discussed on television whether the 9/11 attacks were Godâ€™s punishment on feminists, gays and secularists, God should have sued them for defamation.
Earlier, Mr. Falwell opined that AIDS was â€œGodâ€™s judgment on promiscuity.â€ That kind of religious smugness allowed the AIDS virus to spread and constituted a greater immorality than anything that occurred in gay bathhouses.
Partly because of such self-righteousness, the entire evangelical movement often has been pilloried among progressives as reactionary, myopic, anti-intellectual and, if anything, immoral.
Yet that casual dismissal is profoundly unfair of the movement as a whole. It reflects a kind of reverse intolerance, sometimes a reverse bigotry, directed at tens of millions of people who have actually become increasingly engaged in issues of global poverty and justice.
This compassionate strain of evangelicalism was powerfully shaped by the Rev. John Stott, a gentle British scholar who had far more impact on Christianity than media stars like Mr. Robertson or Mr. Falwell. Mr. Stott, who died a few days ago at the age of 90, was named one of the globeâ€™s 100 most influential people by Time, and in stature he was sometimes described as the equivalent of the pope among the worldâ€™s evangelicals.
Mr. Stott didnâ€™t preach fire and brimstone on a Christian television network. He was a humble scholar whose 50-odd books counseled Christians to emulate the life of Jesus â€” especially his concern for the poor and oppressed â€” and confront social ills like racial oppression and environmental pollution.
â€œGood Samaritans will always be needed to succor those who are assaulted and robbed; yet it would be even better to rid the Jerusalem-Jericho road of brigands,â€ Mr. Stott wrote in his book â€œThe Cross of Christ.â€ â€œJust so Christian philanthropy in terms of relief and aid is necessary, but long-term development is better, and we cannot evade our political responsibility to share in changing the structures that inhibit development. Christians cannot regard with equanimity the injustices that spoil Godâ€™s world and demean his creatures.â€
Mr. Stott then gave examples of the injustices that Christians should confront: â€œthe traumas of poverty and unemployment,â€ â€œthe oppression of women,â€ and in education â€œthe denial of equal opportunity for all.â€
For many evangelicals who winced whenever a televangelist made the headlines, Mr. Stott was an intellectual guru and an inspiration. Richard Cizik, president of the New Evangelical Partnership for the Common Good, who has worked heroically to combat everything from genocide to climate change, told me: â€œAgainst the quackery and anti-intellectualism of our movement, Stott made it possible to say you are â€˜evangelicalâ€™ and not be apologetic.â€
The Rev. Jim Wallis, head of a Christian organization called Sojourners that focuses on social justice, added: â€œJohn Stott was the very first important evangelical leader to support our work at Sojourners.â€
Mr. Stott, who was a brilliant student at Cambridge, also underscored that faith and intellect neednâ€™t be at odds.
Centuries ago, serious religious study was extraordinarily demanding and rigorous; in contrast, anyone could declare himself a scientist and go in the business of, say, alchemy. These days, itâ€™s the reverse. A Ph.D. in chemistry is a rigorous degree, while a preacher can explain the Bible on television without mastering Hebrew or Greek â€” or even showing interest in the nuances of the original texts.
Those self-appointed evangelical leaders come across as hypocrites, monetizing Jesus rather than emulating him. Some seem homophobic, and many who claim to be â€œpro-lifeâ€ seem little concerned with human life post-uterus. Those are the preachers who won headlines and disdain.
But in reporting on poverty, disease and oppression, Iâ€™ve seen so many others. Evangelicals are disproportionately likely to donate 10 percent of their incomes to charities, mostly church-related. More important, go to the front lines, at home or abroad, in the battles against hunger, malaria, prison rape, obstetric fistula, human trafficking or genocide, and some of the bravest people you meet are evangelical Christians (or conservative Catholics, similar in many ways) who truly live their faith.
Iâ€™m not particularly religious myself, but I stand in awe of those Iâ€™ve seen risking their lives in this way â€” and it sickens me to see that faith mocked at New York cocktail parties.
Why does all this matter?
Because religious people and secular people alike do fantastic work on humanitarian issues â€” but they often donâ€™t work together because of mutual suspicions. If we could bridge this â€œGod gulf,â€ we would make far more progress on the worldâ€™s ills.
And that would be, well, a godsend.
â€¢NICHOLAS D. KRISTOF wrote this article the New York Times.