24th October, 2016
The Federal High Court in Benin City presided over by Justice A.M. Liman on Friday gave victory to the Copyright Society of Nigeria (COSON), in a landmark case brought against it by the Incorporated Trustees of Association of Hotel Proprietors of Edo State.
Joined as defendants in the case were the COSON Coordinator for Edo/Delta States, Mr. Biodun Eguakhide and the Edo State Commissioner of Police.
In the suit brought by originating summons on 27 November, 2014 as suit no: FHC/B/CS/137/2014, the hoteliers asked the court to determine seven questions related to the powers to enforce the copyright of owners of musical works and sound recordings in hotels and similar establishments in Nigeria.
On whether by the provisions of Section 38 of the Copyright Act, the Police is not precluded from acting with respect to offenses under the Copyright Act, and whether the provisions of Section 25 of the Copyright Act can apply to any of the actions of the Defendants complained of in the suit, the court drew a clear distinction between the civil liabilities provided in Section 19 and liabilities pursuant to Section 20 which prescribes criminal sanctions with respect to copyright infringement.
The court also emphasized that the police did not need any warrant to arrest an offender or an order of court to enter into the premises of the plaintiff’s members either alone or with a representative of COSON for any offence that related to infringement pursuant to section 20 of the Act.
The court also held that Section 25 of the Act did not apply to the instant case neither did the appointment of Copyright inspectors precluded the police from the arrest and prosecution of copyright offenders as provided in section 20 of the Copyright Act.
Justice Liman went on to say that Section 38(3) of Copyright Act did not supersede the provisions of Section 28 of the Police Act which is a product of Sections 174 and 211 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria on the powers of the police to investigate and prosecute all crimes and that Section 18 of the Criminal Procedure Act permitted the police to arrest without warrant while Section 20 of the CPA permits a private person to arrest subject to certain conditions.
The court, therefore, ruled that the Plaintiff’s case lacked merit in all seven questions and relief sort. The case of the Hoteliers was therefore dismissed.
Reacting to the judgment, COSON Chairman, Chief Tony Okoroji said: “We are happy with the pronouncements by the Federal High Court. Nigerians need to understand that in the new knowledge economy centered on the respect for intellectual property rights, a hotel is not more important than the music which attracts people to the hotel, a broadcasting station is not more important than the musical content without which the station cannot attract listenership or viewership or advert revenue and a telecommunications company cannot be bigger than the creators of the content deployed by the company to make money from Caller Ring Back Tunes (CRBT), internet radio, road shows, concerts, download platforms, etc.
“It is the mutual respect of the different players that will truly grow the Nigerian economy in the new world. The day we learn the lesson that content is king, our economy will properly take off. I am happy,” he said.