16th October, 2021
By Abujah Racheal
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has released the Nigeria lockdown Data for the COVID-19 Africa Challenge.
It was released after the Results Dissemination Meeting, on Friday in Abuja with Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu in attendance.
Data4COVI19 Africa Challenge is aimed at better understanding and responding to the many issues resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic and its consequences across Africa.
Using innovative data, the challenge is hosted by I’Agence Franchise de Development (AFD), Expertise France, and The GovLab.
In Nigeria, the challenge project titled; “Understanding facilitators and barriers to compliance with non-pharmaceutical COVID-19 preventive measures in Nigeria”, is aimed at analysing existing data on COVID-19.
It is to understand the social, economic, and political factors that influence knowledge and perception of COVID-19 among Nigerians.
The project seeks to understand which social, economic, and political factors influence individual knowledge and perception of COVID-19 among Nigerians and how they shape population behaviour.
According to the data released during the meeting, about 91.8 per cent of Nigerians complied with the Federal Government’s stay home policy in states with the complete lockdown.
The data showed that 88.3 per cent of respondents believed that staying at home was effective in curtailing the pandemic in the country.
NCDC Director-General, Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu, who spoke at the meeting, said that government would review the data and bring it into decision making.
Ihekweazu said that it would serve as a reference document in the future.
“I am keen to hear the results, I am keen to read the publication that would come out of it and I am keen to use this to influence policymaking.
“So, I am very grateful to all our partners who have hosted this challenge and supported us through the process.
“But critically, I am proud of the emerging relationship with the College of Medicine of the University of Lagos, with whom we now have a relationship. I am sure this will lead to better things to come,” Ihekweazu said.
While analysing the report, the Director, Prevention Programmes & Knowledge Management, NCDC, Dr Chinewe Ochu said 43.3 per cent of Nigerians in states were on complete lockdown, while 56.7 per cent were in states with the partial lockdown.
“A slightly higher proportion of females (380/410; 92.7 %) than males (381/469; 81.3 %), were compliant with the stay at home order.
“Most respondents stayed home during the lockdown irrespective of age: 18- 24 years (87.1 %), 25-35 years (85.6%), 36- 50 years (87.3%), 51-59 years (90.5%, while 60 years (100%),” Ochu explained.
She also said that in the survey, 81 per cent of respondents reported visiting several places despite the lockdown.
“The places visited include, market/shopping, (71%), friends and families (11%), religious houses (7%), work (6%), hospitals/clinic (2%), exercise (2%), the party (1%), she said.
Also, Ochu said there were changes in public risk perception and risky behaviours through the first and second waves of the COVID-19 pandemic in the country, and the relationship between risky behaviours and the trend of the outbreak.
“Overall risk perception remained low during both waves with two out of every five Nigerians, considering themselves not to be at risk of contracting COVID-19 in both waves.
“The first waves were (44.6%) and the second wave was (43.9%). There was a general lowering of risk perception across the various age groups in the second wave for the 25- 35 age group.
“Gender differences were observed in risk perception. A higher proportion of males than females perceived themselves to be at risk of getting infected with COVID-19 during the first wave, 60.3 per cent versus 50.3 per cent.
“While the second wave 58.3 per cent versus 52.6 per cent. There was risk perception versus geopolitical zone in the first wave while living in the North-eastern part of the country.
“This relationship was only significant for those residing in either South-west and South-South with 95 per cent for both.
“During the second wave, those residing in the North-west were four times more likely to perceive themselves at risk of COVID-19 infection than those residing in the Northeast.
“Lowest risk perception for COVID-19 during the first and second waves was observed in the South-west with 34 per cent and 46 per cent respectively,” she said.
Furthermore, she explained that there was risk perception versus marital status, as those who were married were 53 per cent more likely to perceive themselves at risk of COVID-19 than the singles during the first wave.
The director said that artisans/daily paid workers had the highest risk perception during the first wave with 69.7 per cent.
She noted that their risk perception became the lowest among all employment categories during the second wave with 37.7 per cent and later a drop to 32 per cent.
Ochu explained that there was a slight drop in risk perception of about 3.6 per cent, which was also observed among the unemployed in the second wave compared with the first wave.