4th October, 2021
U.S. scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian have been announced as winners of the Nobel Prize in the field of physiology or medicine.
They were cited for their discovery of receptors for temperature and touch.
The two US-based scientists received the accolade for describing the mechanics of how humans perceive temperature and pressure through nerve impulses.
“Our ability to sense heat, cold and touch is essential for survival and underpins our interaction with the world around us,” the Nobel Assembly said in a statement announcing the prize.
“David Julius utilized capsaicin, a pungent compound from chili peppers that induces a burning sensation, to identify a sensor in the nerve endings of the skin that responds to heat.
“Ardem Patapoutian used pressure-sensitive cells to discover a novel class of sensors that respond to mechanical stimuli in the skin and internal organs,” it added.