2nd August, 2022
Manchester United mega star Cristiano Ronaldo is the most abused English Premier League footballer, on Twitter, a report by Ofcom and the Alan Turing Institute has found.
The report which covered the first five months of 2021-2022 season revealed that a footballer is abused every four minutes on Twitter.
Ronaldo led the pack of the targeted, along with seven other teammates in Manchester United.
Harry Maguire and Bruno Fernandes were also among the most abused Premier League players.
Others are David de Gea, Fred, Jesse Lingard – who now plays for Nottingham Forest – Rashford and Paul Pogba, who has joined Juventus.
England captain and Spurs striker Harry Kane and Man City midfielder Jack Grealish also featured in the top 10.
The study of 2.3m tweets sent in the aftermath of the Euro 2020 finals – which saw Marcus Rashford, Jadon Sancho and Bukayo Saka abused online after missing penalties for England – found on average 362 abusive tweets were sent daily, with seven in 10 Premier League players on Twitter abused.
Around one in 12 abusive tweets targeted a victim’s protected characteristic, such as their race or gender, revealed the report first published by Sky Sports.
Ronaldo received the most abuse during the period -12,520 tweets – but also received the most tweets overall, 576,915, meaning 2.2 per cent of the messages he received were abusive.
Maguire was second, receiving 8,954 abusive messages, which worked out at 14.90 per cent of the tweets he received.
Many of these messages were sent in response to an apology tweet he made following a defeat to Manchester City.
The player who received the most abuse as a percentage of all of the messages directed at him was Ciaran Clark, at 34.1 per cent.
The Newcastle defender was sent off against Norwich City in November and 78 per cent of all of the abusive tweets he received came on this day, most of them appearing to be from fans of his own club.
The tweets were “attacking his perceived poor performance, with many suggesting he should ‘get out’ of the club. A small number of tweets focused on his nationality,” found the study.
It added: “Otherwise, Ciaran Clark does not receive many tweets compared to other players.”
The next most abused player was Crystal Palace’s James McArthur, who was given a yellow card after stepping on the leg of Saka. “Users who appear to be Arsenal fans used insults to refer to James McArthur,” the report said.
Kevin Bakhurst, Ofcom’s group director for broadcasting and online content, said: “These findings shed light on a dark side to the beautiful game. Online abuse has no place in sport, nor in wider society, and tackling it requires a team effort.
“Social media firms needn’t wait for new laws to make their sites and apps safer for users. When we become the regulator for online safety, tech companies will have to be really open about the steps they’re taking to protect users. We will expect them to design their services with safety in mind.
“Supporters can also play a positive role in protecting the game they love. Our research shows the vast majority of online fans behave responsibly, and as the new season kicks off we’re asking them to report unacceptable, abusive posts whenever they see them.”